Quarterly Returns Q3 2018 – Goal-scoring accuracy

Quarterly return posts supplement my monthly Financial Dashboard, covering investments in detail and looking at my yearly targets. Here I track purchases and sales, document progress against my (in progress) investment strategy, and discuss re-balancing and changes over time.

Q3 Returns:

Net worth Q3

Getting married and moving house were fantastic experiences, the peak of our year in a summer that will be remembered for sun, but they would not please Mr Scrooge. Rough sums suggest we spent around £15,000 on our wedding, half the national average of £30,355 (1). The actual figures in my spreadsheet are less, but some things like the price of MrsShrink’s wedding dress I’m just not allowed to know! About a 1/3rd of the costs were paid for or made by family. Like Mr & Mrs YFG at some point I’ll probably relate how we kept our wedding cheap (2). Moving house cost another £~5k through stamp duty and solicitors fees though this didn’t come out of our bank accounts. We safely avoided a painful potential £8k early repayment charge on our mortgage. We saw the £~5k cost through loss in our net worth as it was paid out of the equity in our previous property.

We’ve spent another £4,240 to date renovating the house, with new fixtures, fittings and soft furnishings throughout. This was mainly materials (and bloody curtains) as I can turn my hand to most DIY, and MrsShrink is a dab hand with a paintbrush. We did spend £1400 on plumbing work, but I’ll detail all when I get round to writing a property renovation post. The majority of the work is now done, with just a chimney cap rebuild (Jan 2019), new bathroom (~Q3 2019) and new kitchen to go (2020ish). My net worth has gradually increased during these months, but at a slow old rate. Current investment assets stand at:

  • Cash Savings Accounts £1000 (+£600)
  • Investments £0
  • Cars £3000

I am starting to value my books and art. I’ve accumulated a number of first-editions over the years, and a few original pieces of artwork by famous illustrators. I may keep this ‘off the books’, but interesting to know as a fallback.

Yearly Targets:

Goal 1: Build an emergency fund.

As per the r/UKpersonalfinance flow chart, I’m working towards building an emergency fund (3).

We currently have a month’s outgoings in our joint account (some of this will be eroded by our honeymoon), and I’ve another months parked in my savings account. MrsShrink and I will aim to build six months worth of our combined household expenses held across multiple high-interest current accounts. We’ll maximise the returns on this using the bank account savings website (4).

Goal 2: Pay off debts

At the start of Q3 my short term debts were £1.25k to family and £4.1k on 0% interest credit cards. We’ve talked with the family member who lent us the money, who doesn’t want it back until next year. I’ve instead focused on my credit card debt, which now stands at £3.6k. Some expensive exams and unexpected work costs haven’t helped. In future this will be budgeted for, with the emergency fund just in case. I still need to close my two redundant accounts, which currently prop up my credit score (as % of total credit used is low). As TI says over on Monevator, I’ve been borrowing from my future self (5). Following the good advice, I’ve been selling unwanted items to try and clear this further. I’m also planning to increase my monthly credit card payments from £250/month to £350/month to clear it earlier

Goal 3: Reduce superfluous outgoings.

Some serious differences been made here. The major influence has been that we’re no longer paying rent in one city where we live and mortgage on another home we never see. This has seen our monthly outgoings drop by at least £600/month. I’ve also made progress on my own personal spending, cutting down to a monthly budget. We’ve got further to go on our household grocery expenses, and on my hobbies, but all progress.

Goal 4: Commence investing!

This was the target for Q3, but I now recognise this was a little naive. As mentioned in this week’s Full English I’ve been watching the market ‘turbulence’ with interest. The argument that the earlier you invest the better is strong, and I’m well aware of the benefits of dollar-cost averaging (6, 7). Then there’s AWOCS’ tale of Bob, the world’s worst market timer (8). I’m uncomfortable commencing investing whilst my short-term debts, particularly my credit cards, exceed my liquid cash. Therefore the aim is to complete my investment strategy statement this quarter.

I’ll check in again in three months and see how things are getting on.


  1. https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/love-sex/wedding-cost-uk-average-how-much-marriage-ceremony-bridebook-a8460451.html
  2. https://youngfiguy.com/our-unconventional-and-cheap-wedding/
  3. https://www.reddit.com/r/UKPersonalFinance/
  4. https://www.bankaccountsavings.co.uk/
  5. http://monevator.com/why-you-must-get-out-and-stay-out-of-debt/
  6. http://uk.businessinsider.com/compound-interest-retirement-funds-2014-3
  7. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/dollarcostaveraging.asp
  8. https://awealthofcommonsense.com/2014/02/worlds-worst-market-timer/

The Financial Dashboard – August 2018 – returning to normality

The goals for August were:

  • Rein in spending on the automotive hobby by setting a budget – success
  • Sell five items from my hoard – fail
  • Reduce daily living (groceries and lunch out) and entertainment expenses to budget – fail
  • Use my Starling account to track monthly outgoings – success
  • Repair or purchase a new bike – fail
  • Special goal – rework my net worth and savings graphs to cover results simply

Checking the assets and liabilities:

August 2018 Assets

August 2018 Liabilities

These are taken from my Beast Budget spreadsheet. I’m working on pretty graphs to spice things up. My net worth grew by a paltry £180 (0.9%). My savings rate including my mortgage was 15.09% (not including my DB pension). This is close to my best recorded, and probably my best once all the house purchase/ sale shenanigans are taken into account. I saved £200 in my 5% interest Santander saver and paid off £500 of a credit card. My net worth didn’t grow due to spending around £1.5k from our joint account on building work for our house.


Goal achieved: Rein in spending on the automotive hobby by setting a budget

I set myself a pretty stern budget of £300 for my automotive hobby earlier in the year, which I’ve repeatedly failed to meet. I spend £50/month on tax direct debits, and another £120/month on a storage unit which is currently full of engines, tools and furniture from our house move. I managed to only spend £280 this month, £50 on tracking for my daily driver and £60 on fuel. I’ve started to walk to work, and have only filled up the car once because of this. I need to start putting money aside for predictable expenses such as maintenance, rather than taking it on the chin each time.

This goal is a marker of the change in my own mindset, as previously I viewed my £120 storage as a justified expense. It now feels like a waste of £1440 a year which could be better saved. I’ve also been paying others to do work I could do myself, as I lacked the time. My hobby car has been sat for months barely used, waiting on some fettling. I’ve now changed jobs, have some more freedom, and so one of my goals for next month is to get my home garage set up and do a piece of automotive DIY. Reducing my monthly fixed liabilities, and doing more work myself will hopefully make this a more frugal (dare I say profitable one day?) hobby.

Goal failed: Sell five items from my hoard

Items were listed on a specialist forum, then on eBay, with some interest but no sales. I’ll be re-listing and also putting some furniture on Gumtree. Fingers crossed some buyers next month.

Goal failed: Repair or purchase a new bike

The shop I’ve found still hasn’t got the right one for me. Next month.

Goal failed: Reduce daily living and entertainment expenses to budget. 

A further failure. We spent £607 on ‘daily living’ and £160 on entertainment. Almost all of our groceries and going out expenses are now going through our joint account, and not my account. I spent £14 on food out and £20 on sport. What did it all go on? We spent £81 on tickets for a concert in December, £27 at restaurants and £35 on trips out with friends. We had no takeaways! We made some minor house purchases, but most of our costs were on groceries, as we had lots of friends over and bought nice food rather than going out. I’m therefore going to change this goal a bit to: Establish weekly and monthly joint account grocery expenses. I’ve trimmed expenses from my accounts as much as I can, and need to work out where all the rest is going.

Goal achieved: Use my Starling account to track monthly outgoings

Not to sound like a fanboi, but I’m really enjoying using my Starling account. I’ve used it for everyday expenses and outgoing over the last month, and plan to move all payments which aren’t automated onto it. Each month I’ll transfer enough to cover my budgeted expenses, and the rest can automatically transfer to savings.


  • Daily living and entertainment – Under review as above.
  • Transport – budget £300, spent £279, last month £803.
  • Holiday – £100/ /£35.22/ £0 We’re paying lots out at the moment for our honeymoon which will show up next month and make a big dent in our joint account balance. Need to build holiday funds in future.
  • Personal – £50/ £93.32/ £21.53. Upgrading/ updating work clothes and supporting a Youtuber I follow by buying their merch.
  • Loans/ Credit – £200/ £500/ £575. Overpaying a bit.
  • Misc – £50/ £0/ £97.50. No unexpected expenses, big woop!

Goals for next month:

  • Do a piece of automotive DIY
  • Establish weekly and monthly joint account grocery expenses
  • Sell five items from my hoard
  • Repair or purchase a new bike
  • Finish reading Tim Hale’s Smarter Investing

What’s coming this month:

  • Musing on… Motivating factors for financial investments
  • Frugal Motoring – Should I buy a petrol car?
  • A draft investment policy
  • Some sort of post about property renovation
  • Plus the usual Full English Accompaniments and other drivel…

Happy September everyone,

The Shrink

The Full English Accompaniment – Are regular savings accounts dead in the water?

What’s piqued my interest this week?

After last weeks relative quiet from FIRE bloggers (if not the BoE), this week the Side Orders section has a bountiful glut. Many of the topics I considered covering this week have been covered by others including Monevator’s weekend reading post around the bull market (1), linked to the irrelevant investor’s post on the same topic (2), and Monevator’s post covering Fidelity’s US market 0% fee tracking fund (3).

Monevator mentioned the focus of this post in his weekend reading only in passing; that outgoing Monetary Policy Committee member Ian McCafferty predicted interest rates will stay below 5% for the next 20 years, and wages will increase by 4% (4). I take all opinions with a pinch of salt, especially when they concern future predictions. We’ll assume that this is a man with a finger on the nation’s economic pulse, and leave aside how he’s actually made this prediction, which could just be a big fat whopping guess. What this ‘prediction’ does is stick a massive pin in the savings account whoopee cushion.

This week has also seen the fallout of the BoE base rate rise. Whilst 28% of mortgage rates have risen, only one in ten banks have increased the interest rates on their savings accounts (5). The biggest boost came from smaller building societies, particularly Beverley and Monmouthshire Building Society (5). Moneysavingexpert’s page of best easy access savings accounts is currently also topped by building societies, Coventry Building Society and Birmingham Midshires, offering 1.4% variable and 1.35% variable respectively (6). Fixing for one-year with Atom or Investec with get you 2.05%, steadily increasing out to 2.68% for five years fixed with Charter Savings Bank (6). These barely beat inflation. If interest rates are unlikely to rise to historic norms in the next 10 years, the pressure comes on to invest either in equities or other vehicles, from P2P or fine wine.

The rise of high interest current accounts also threatens mainstream savings accounts. Nationwide and TSB are both offering 5% interest on their current accounts (up to £2.5k and £1.5k respectively), while Tesco Bank offers 3% (up to £3k) (7). The Bank Account Savings website allows you to calculate your best rate of return for minimum moving about, and combined with switching cash offers and perks, can kick savings accounts into touch (8). There will always remain an argument for larger cash sums to be held for liquidity (using the £85k FSCS guarantee). But for now high street savings aren’t competitive for returns and don’t beat inflation.

Have a great week,

The Shrink


Side Orders

Other News:

Opinion/ blogs:

What I’m reading:

An exam textbook

Religio Medici by Sir Thomas Browne – the theological and psychological reflections of a C17th doctor

Enchiridion by Epictetus – Bedside reading for a bad day



  1. http://monevator.com/weekend-reading-are-we-there-yet/
  2. http://theirrelevantinvestor.com/2018/08/05/the-longest-bull-market-of-all-time/
  3. http://monevator.com/average-active-funds-have-no-answer-to-their-weightless-index-tracking-rivals/
  4. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/aug/09/interest-rates-will-stay-low-for-20-years-bank-of-england-expert
  5. http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/saving/article-6046445/Disappointing-news-savers-warned-not-benefit-rate-rise.html
  6. https://www.moneysavingexpert.com/savings/savings-accounts-best-interest/
  7. https://www.moneysavingexpert.com/banking/compare-best-bank-accounts/
  8. https://www.bankaccountsavings.co.uk/calculator
  9. https://www.moneyobserver.com/news/charles-stanley-hikes-fees-investors
  10. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/08/01/fidelity-one-ups-vanguard-first-company-to-offer-no-fee-index-fund.html
  11. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-45113283
  12. http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/news/article-6039729/Royal-Mint-says-millions-old-1-coins-languishing-homes-British-households.html
  13. https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/work-and-pensions-committee/news-parliament-2017/pension-costs-17-19/
  14. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/aug/10/british-manufacturing-in-recession-despite-faster-uk-gdp-growth
  15. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/aug/10/house-of-fraser-calls-in-administrators-as-rescue-talks-fail
  16. https://transform.iema.net/article/thousands-uk-churches-switch-renewables
  17. https://transform.iema.net/article/insurance-firms-failing-report-climate-change-risks
  18. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-45113867
  19. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-45119606
  20. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-45113862
  21. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-45118393
  22. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-45084144
  23. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-45097046
  24. https://www.businessinsider.com/lego-go-eco-friendly-with-blocks-made-from-sugarcane-2018-8/?r=AU&IR=T
  25. https://www.ukvalueinvestor.com/2018/08/how-to-manage-a-portfolio-of-shares.html/
  26. https://youngfiguy.com/pension-costs-and-transparency-inquiry
  27. https://youngfiguy.com/mrs-yfg-our-ideal-life
  28. https://youngfiguy.com/deciding-drawdown-and-annuities
  29. https://www.mrmoneymustache.com/2018/07/25/the-twenty-dollar-swim/
  30. http://fiukmoney.co.uk/july-18-net-worth-and-monthly-update/
  31. https://deliberatelivinguk.wordpress.com/2018/08/06/july-2018-review/
  32. https://3652daysblog.wordpress.com/2018/08/03/first-rule-of-fi-club/
  33. https://theescapeartist.me/2018/08/06/your-part-in-the-revolution-is-to-pay-it-forward/
  34. https://theescapeartist.me/2018/07/31/the-inestimable-advantages-of-child-labour/
  35. http://awealthofcommonsense.com/2018/08/the-layers-of-the-brain/
  36. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-45112072
  37. http://thecannycontractor.com/crowdinvesting-become-an-angel-investor-with-minimum-outlay/
  38. http://thecannycontractor.com/passive-income-quarter-2-2018/
  39. http://thecannycontractor.com/dating-and-fire-your-love-or-your-life/
  40. https://thefemalemoneydoctor.com/warren-buffett/
  41. https://tuppennysfireplace.com/cut-your-budget-expert-tips/
  42. https://tuppennysfireplace.com/benefits-of-having-an-allotment/






























The Financial Dashboard – July 2018

In an effort to streamline the Financial Dashboard, I’m cutting some waffle.

The goals for July were:

  • Rein in spending on the automotive hobby by setting a budget – Epic epic fail
  • Sell five items from my hoard – carried over – Fail
  • Reduce daily living (groceries and lunch out) and entertainment expenses to budget – Fail
  • Eat out a maximum of once a week – Success
  • Repair or purchase a new bike – Fail

Checking the assets and liabilities:

July 2018 Assets

July 2018 Liabilities

These are taken from my mega Excel Beast Budget spreadsheet. I need to develop some pretty graphs to show changes over time. In short, my net worth grew by ~£600 (~3%). My savings rate including my mortgage was 14.7%, 2% without. I saved £200 in my 5% interest Santander saver, and paid off some of my mortgage… and that’s about it. My finances are still recovering from moving house and changing jobs, so hopefully will improve. I’m lucky in that my NHS pension is a DB pension rather than a DC, but it’s been watered down by progressive governments, and is pretty complex to calculate.


Goal achieved: We only ate out around once a week this month, and a couple of those were lighter lunches rather than dinners out. We’ve had lots of friends over for meals (the grocery spend shows that!). We enjoy eating out, but we’re going to be more sensible from now on.

Goal failed: Rein in spending on the automotive hobby by setting a budget. Frankly I blew this one out of the water. I spent £450 getting a local garage to go through a list of niggles on my daily car which have been low down the priorities list while we moved house. I didn’t use a main dealer, but a decent local independent. In hindsight some of these jobs I could have done myself to save money, but I simply haven’t had the time. I also spent £90 on train tickets for a work conference later in the year. This month I’ll actually have a crack at this. I’ve set a goal of only spending £300/month. Given that currently £120 goes on fuel, and another £160 on tax and storage, my schedule of preventative maintenance needs to become a lot more DIY! One to keep chipping at.

Goal failed: Sell five items from my hoard. It’s all still in boxes, gradually being unpacked. Another aim for this month.

Goal failed: Repair or purchase a new bike. I’ve decided it’s going to be cheaper to buy a ‘skip bike’ than to repair either my old road bike or downhill MTB. I went to a local charity run place but they didn’t have one to fit me, so I’m going back this month to have another look at new stock (they’re only open Saturday mornings).

Goal failed: Reduce daily living and entertainment expenses to budget. I’m calling this a fail. My daily living expenses included some substantial one-off work costs, but otherwise were under my intended £50 budget. My entertainment expenses were £55, less than my £100 budget. However I’ve never thought to include expenses from my joint account, and really I should, so I’m going to rethink my budget and the way I show my expenses. MrsShrink and I spent £630 on daily living costs last month, £70 on takeaways(!) and £500 on food(!!). We spent £56 on eating out from the joint (entertainment).


  • Daily living and entertainment – budget £50 from my account for daily living and £100 from my own for entertainment. Spent £114 from my own on daily living, £630 from joint on daily living, £56 from my own on entertainment, £56 from the joint on entertainment. Future budget will be £75/week food, plus £75/week entertainment, for £600 combined/month. This will include all eating out, cinema etc. I’ll see how realistic and manageable this aim is.
  • Transport – budget £300, spent £803. Last month £695.
  • Health – budget £10, spent £8.80. Last month £8.80. Going to stop putting this on here as it’s dull.
  • Holiday – budget £100, spent £0. Last month £150. I’ll start using a Starling pot to build a kitty.
  • Subscriptions – budget £100, spent £105. Last month £114. Had to pay a professional subscription this month. I’m going to stop including this, as there’s little more I want to reduce currently.
  • Personal – budget £50, spent £21.50. Last month £44. I really need to start updating my wardrobe.
  • Loans/ Credit – budget £200, spent £575. Last month £250. Paid back a big lump of credit card. Not a bad thing.
  • Misc – budget £50, spent £100. Last month £946. This is anything I can’t list in the rest of my budget system. I spent £100 on an important course this month. Much better than previous months.

Goals for next month:

  • Rein in spending on the automotive hobby by setting a budget – carried over
  • Sell five items from my hoard – carried over
  • Reduce daily living (groceries and lunch out) and entertainment expenses to budget – carried over
  • Use my Starling account to track monthly outgoings
  • Repair or purchase a new bike – carried over
  • Special goal – rework my net worth and savings graphs to cover results simply

What’s coming this month:

  • Frugal Motoring – Bangernomics
  • Musing on… Motivating factors for financial investments
  • Plus the usual Full English Accompaniments and other drivel…

Happy August everyone!

The Shrink

Musing on… Long-term care costs and financial savings

This post has been mulled over for a long time, trying to discern and distil a direction. It began (as these trains of thought often do) with an idle r/financialindependence post. If you’re not familiar with that, it’s a subreddit for FI-types, predominantly populated by Yanks (Reddit being a sort of forum-cum-meta-aggregator of internet waffle). In this post a group of our ex-colonial cousins were discussing long-term costs (1):

So far, so not our problem. The UK may have significantly higher tax rates (ignoring ISAs etc), but it pays for (in theory) the NHS and social care, the cradle-to-grave support system for when times are bad. The NHS and social care system are what makes FIRE and any sort of fuck-you to working possible in the UK. Check out the video and post TEA and Rhik Samadder did on the matter (2).

National, personal cover

As we celebrate the NHS’ 70th birthday, it’s worth reflecting on where this all came from. Before the birth of the NHS all doctors services were private in the UK. If you needed something, you went to your local doctor, hoped they had been trained adequately, paid your money, got your treatment, hoped it worked. There were no guidelines. There was no standardisation. This worked fine for the wealthy, who could afford the best, but for the poor would die from an inability to pay the doctor. You can find plenty of stories from that time, but if you read one, I recommend the recollections of the wonderful Harry Leslie Smith (3). He remembers a doctors visit costing half-a-weeks wages, which they sadly did not have (3). This private price has scaled with inflation. A 15 minute private GP consultation will set you back £70 (4). As a profession we remain a rare commodity, and on an open market our hourly rate is such. The NHS affords the government a position of power and collective contractual employment which, despite press vilification, means we still come relatively cheap.

In the days before the NHS, workers would club together to pay for ‘self-help’ organisations, to provide medical care for one another. Beginning in the late 1800s, the Tredegar Workmen’s Medical Aid Society was one such successful organisation (5):

By the 1920s, the society employed the services of five doctors, one surgeon, two pharmacists, a physiotherapist, a dentist, and a district nurse. For an extra sum each week, members could also benefit from hospital treatment.

During the inter-war depression, the society continued to provide services to unemployed people, even though they could no longer afford to pay a subscription. By the mid-1940s, the society was providing medical care for 22,800 of the town’s 24,000 inhabitants.

Aneurin Bevan, who was born in Tredegar, took the Workmen’s Medical Aid Society as his inspiration for the NHS, saying: “All I am doing is extending to the entire population of Britain the benefits we had in Tredegar for a generation or more. We are going to ‘Tredegarise’ you.” (5)

The fragmentation of the NHS, gradual privatisation and reduction in care available deserves a separate post. For now, with a sense of perspective, we can look across the pond and be smug about our NHS (6). Cradle to grave cover, in our most frail years, maternity and care home. Isn’t it marvellous. Except… have you ever been in an NHS care home? And how much do you think that care home costs?

Who wants to live forever?

Time and again bloggers discuss their financial plans, how they’re 50 now, and they see themselves having 30 more good years. They fall into a common trap, recent research shows 8/10 of those over 50 underestimate their life expectancy (7). Most people guess they’ll live to 82-ish, whereas the data says more like 88 for men, and 90 for women*. We have got much better at keeping people alive for longer. Those aren’t necessarily going to be good years though, and so people trot out those bleak jokes; “oh just roll me off a cliff at 80”; “I’ll just head off to Switzerland”; “I’ll just pop my clogs then”. Except those are all to varying degrees illegal/ unethical. We doctors can’t just settle you off in a dignified way when you decide you’re not much use or aren’t enjoying things anymore. How do you decide when that is? Death is so very final. As a culture we have developed a fear of discussing or even considering our own mortality.

(*N.B. You can’t actually use ONS life expectancy at birth figures for this. Infancy through to teenage years (and early adulthood for young men) still have higher mortality. Once you pass your mid-20s your life expectancy actually statistically increases to accommodate for this.)

So for our friends the FIRE-savers, that’s an extra half decade of savings to account for. Suddenly retiring at 55 with a 4% SWR estimating a 30 year retirement isn’t quite enough (8). Life expectancy has increased in the 20 years since the Trinity study was published (9). A 45 year-old sitting down now and estimating for a 4% withdrawal starting at age 55 may well have a good 40 years ahead of them. It’s not just the %withdrawal that’s a variable in this calculation, it’s the duration too. For some really interesting drawdown calculations, check out RIT’s recent post (10).

The final splurge

How much do you think your living costs will be too? The common practice appears to be to take roughly your current living expenses, and times that out for the number of years you need. Some people estimate less, as they figure their homes will be paid off. An interesting piece of research by investment firm Schroders casts doubt on that. It found that savers underestimated their living costs in retirement by 15% (11). Only half of people surveyed had enough to live on comfortably (11).

Coming back to people facing their own mortality, and a decline into frailty, did you include the care home fees in that cost? The answer to the previous question is that the average care home price per year in the UK is £29,270 for a residential home, £39,300 for a nursing home (12). That’s average too, as with everything the South is more expensive, and we all like to imagine ourselves in our twilight years in a beautiful peaceful home, and not being roughly manhandled by someone on minimum-wage with no dignity or care, before being hauled up on a CQC newspaper expose (13). If you want to see what it’s like in your area, the UK Care Guide has a number cruncher and area analysis (14). You can decide to stay in your own home, but there the costs can mount up too. 24 hour care can be more than £150,000/year (13). And again for perspective, your life expectancy from a diagnosis of dementia in your 60s – 6.7 years, in your 90s – 1.9 years (15).

Where’s my cradle to grave?

Too right, where’s the NHS and social care system in all of this? Broke, that’s where. Historically there were jobs that provided care and nursing homes for their retired workers as part of their payment plan (although I can’t imagine anything worse). Now the burden falls on the social care system. The boomer population is ageing, and everyone is living longer. Social care reform remains a political football as no side wants to try to tell people that their lifetime of NI contributions and tax wasn’t enough to pay for their care (16). The “squeezed middle” baby boomers (le sigh) are already paying up to £10k a year to look after their ageing parents, and this will only get worse (17).

To try and at least partially cover care home fees, the central and local Govs have created an Orwellian masterpiece of committees with opaque criteria to make decisions about who gets support and who doesn’t. It’s called NHS Continuing Healthcare when the NHS is involved, i.e. if there is ‘sufficient medical need’ (17). If you can’t qualify for that you get means tested by the local social care trust/ provider (18). AgeUK make a fair stab at explaining it on their website (19). I’ve seen people die before any decision on who will pay has been reached.


The final stretch of this little essay is about the means testing that social care can use. It’s not actually free at point of care. The system used is fairly complicated in it’s own right, but the Money Advice Service has a good page breaking it down (18). Your income and capital are assessed. If you live alone, and in certain other circumstances, your home will be counted as part of your capital (18). The local authority can and will sell your home to pay for the fees, even if you don’t want them to (20. 21).

If the local authority deems you have deliberately disposed of assets, for example by gifting your child your home, to avoid paying means tested fees, it can claim them back. This quietly introduced piece of legislation is called Deprivation of Assets (22). The rules have subsequently got much tighter around gifting any asset; housing, jewellery, money, objects (23). As always, do your own research.

We can’t take it with us

To summarise, as a culture we fear death and avoid considering our own mortality or old age due to the association. This is a shame, as people are more active in their old age and living longer than ever before. We underestimate the costs and expenditure we will have in retirement. Old age will cost more than we collectively think. The last few years cost A LOT MORE. Don’t ignore your final years, embrace those calculations, and spend them in luxury if you can.

Have a morbid time!

The Shrink


  1. https://www.reddit.com/r/financialindependence/comments/8fyu65/do_longterm_care_costs_factor_into_your_fire_plans/
  2. https://www.millennial-revolution.com/freedom/early-retire-uk/
  3. https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/2014/10/hunger-filth-fear-and-death-remembering-life-nhs
  4. https://www.bupa.co.uk/health/bupa-on-demand/gp-services
  5. https://www.theguardian.com/healthcare-network/2018/may/22/south-wales-town-forged-nhs-points-future-tredegar
  6. https://www.reddit.com/r/financialindependence/comments/8zx7iq/health_insurance_as_a_barrier_to_fire_in_the_usa/
  7. https://www.ftadviser.com/pensions/2017/11/28/most-over-50s-underestimate-life-expectancy/
  8. https://www.madfientist.com/safe-withdrawal-rate/
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_study
  10. http://www.retirementinvestingtoday.com/2018/07/sobering-retirement-income-drawdown.html
  11. https://www.moneywise.co.uk/news/2018-07-03/savers-vastly-underestimate-the-cost-retirement
  12. https://www.moneyadviceservice.org.uk/en/articles/care-home-or-home-care
  13. https://bit.ly/2OiBuIN
  14. https://ukcareguide.co.uk/care-home-costs/
  15. https://www.bmj.com/content/341/bmj.c3584
  16. https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/nhs-social-care-uk-reform-aneurin-bevan-health-poverty-andy-burnham-a8429571.html
  17. https://www.moneyadviceservice.org.uk/en/articles/are-you-eligible-for-nhs-continuing-care-funding
  18. https://www.moneyadviceservice.org.uk/en/articles/means-tests-for-help-with-care-costs-how-they-work
  19. https://www.ageuk.org.uk/information-advice/care/paying-for-care/paying-for-a-care-home/
  20. https://www.ft.com/content/34c336e8-3e5c-11e8-b7e0-52972418fec4
  21. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/insurance/longtermcare/11441163/Why-you-WILL-have-to-sell-your-home-to-pay-for-care.html
  22. https://www.ageuk.org.uk/information-advice/care/paying-for-care/paying-for-a-care-home/deprivation-of-assets/
  23. https://www.which.co.uk/elderly-care/financing-care/gifting-assets-and-property/343063-what-are-the-rules-for-gifting-assets